Via Integra

Fr Mark's progressive Anglo-Catholic take on European Christianity

  • This is my collection of material about the current state of the churches in Europe. I am interested in looking at how they are dealing with the pressing issues of our time: the issues of gay people and women in ministry/ leadership are particularly pressing at the moment, as is the area of declining church attendance.

    I would like to see how Europe's traditional religious institutions are coping with the new Europe currently being forged, in which public opinion and ethical attitudes are becoming inceasingly pan-European, and are evidently presenting a series of strong challenges for the churches.

Finland – the gay issue

Posted by Fr Mark on March 31, 2010

The Church of Finland has elected as its new Archbishop a man who favours moving ahead with approval of blessing same-sex couples in church. The vote was seen as a test of Finnish Church opinion on the issue. Finland has until recently lagged behind the other Scandinavian countries with regard to the gay issue, but now appears to be catching up.


From:  Helsingin Sanomat International 13.3.10

Kari Mäkinen elected Lutheran Archbishop in narrow vote

Opponent of blessing gay couples defeated by 11 votes


Kari Mäkinen elected Lutheran Archbishop in narrow vote

It was a razor-thin 11-vote margin that gave Kari Mäkinen, the Bishop of Turku Archdiocese, the victory in Thursday’s election to determine the next Archbishop of Finland’s Evangelical-Lutheran Church. The closeness of the race did not come as a surprise to the winner.
      “In debate before the election, it could be seen that this could go either way”, said Mäkinen soon after the vote, in which he got the backing of 593 electors against 582 for Miikka Ruokanen, Professor of Dogmatics at the Faculty of Theology at the University of Helsinki.
      Mäkinen replaces Archbishop Jukka Paarma on June 6th.
Media attention in the race for the Lutheran leadership was largely focused on the issue of whether or not the church should give its blessing to same-sex civil unions, which Mäkinen supports and Ruokanen opposes. The question of ordination of women also came up.
      “There was nothing new for me in this debate. Already as Bishop of Turku I have encountered strong opinions in these matters.”
The question of homosexuality was seen by Mikkko Malkavaara, assistant professor of church history at the University of Helsinki, to be the decisive factor in the close race.
      “Now a narrow majority was held by people who feel that the Church can also be led by a person who can give blessings to homosexuals as well”, Malkavaara says.
      He does not believe that the result of the vote will lead to a split in the church.
After the vote, Mäkinen was cautious not to make any strong statements on the future of the Finnish Lutheran Church. He hoped that debate on church matters would continue after the election.
      During the election campaign Mäkinen was seen by many to be a liberal churchman. According to Malkavaara, he is a traditionalist.
      “I would nevertheless say that he is more liberal than Ruokanen, because he feels that the church is in the middle of society, and that changes in society affect the church and its members, and that society gives an agenda to the church as well”, Malkavaara says.
Mäkinen was the overwhelming favourite on his home turf in Turku.
      Ruokanen lost on his home turf of Helsinki and Espoo.
      In most of the rest of the country, however, Ruokanen got more votes.
      Ruokanen attributed his defeat in Helsinki and Espoo to his conservative views on the issue of gay relationships.
      “Half now feel that the church should operate according to public opinion, and the other half feel that the church should be faithful to its teachings”, Ruokanen noted

One Response to “Finland – the gay issue”

  1. Alma said

    That’s wonderful news !

    Does anyone know of any gay friendly churches in Finland ?

    I’ve created a website or LGBT Christians in Europe with welcoming churches, books, resources, etc, making the page for each country in the mother tongue of that country. Here’s a link to it :

    I am only just at the start of building that welcoming churches list, and so far I don’t know of any welcoming churches in Finland.

    If anyone knows of any (or anywhere else in Europe for that matter), please feel free to let me know, and I then will write to them to see if I could add them to my website.

    Great job with this very informative blog.


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